The Golden Pathway to Spanish Citizenship in 2 Years for Eligible Nations

Spain, with its rich culture, history, and economic advantages, offers a unique pathway for nationals of certain countries to obtain citizenship in a reduced period. If you are from one of the eligible nations, which mainly comprise the Ibero-American countries and the Philippines, this guide is for you. Let’s dive into understanding the route and requirements to obtaining Spanish citizenship and passport within 2 years.

Spanish citizenship

A Brief Overview

While Spain typically requires a 10-year residency for citizenship, nationals of countries like the Mexico , Argentina, Philippines, Chile and many more from Central and South America, whose official language is Spanish or Portuguese, are entitled to a “fast-track” approach. This reduced residency period means they need to be legally resident in Spain for only 2 years before qualifying for citizenship by naturalization.

Eligibilty: Countries Which Can Benefit From 2 Year Pathway

Spain’s fast-track citizenship pathway is a significant advantage for certain nationals. This privileged route showcases the deep-rooted cultural and historical ties Spain shares with these nations. Below are the eligible countries:

  1. Mexico
  2. Argentina
  3. Peru
  4. Philippines
  5. Cuba
  6. Bolivia
  7. Chile
  8. Colombia
  9. Costa Rica
  10. Dominican Republic
  11. Ecuador
  12. El Salvador
  13. Guatemala
  14. Honduras
  15. Venezuela
  16. Panama
  17. Paraguay
  18. Puerto Rico

Citizens from the above mentioned nations can apply for citizenship in Spain after being a resident for 2 years and living for about 183 days in Spain.

Dual Citizenship: Embracing Two Nationalities

Obtaining dual nationality means that an individual can simultaneously claim citizenship in two different countries. For those eligible for Spain’s fast-track citizenship, this means they can hold both their original nationality and Spanish citizenship. Here’s a closer look at the intricacies and advantages of this status:

a. What Dual Nationality Means

  • Legal Recognition: A dual national is legally recognized as a citizen in both countries. This means they can live, work , study and enjoy all the rights and privileges in both nations without any restrictions.
  • Travel Benefits: Dual citizens can use the passports of either country. This is especially beneficial for international travel, potentially allowing for visa-free entry or easier access to a larger number of countries. Citizens of Spain will have around 190 countries including all of Europe, All of the Americas including USA, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and many more popular destinations.

b. Where Dual Nationality Applies

  • Domicile: Despite holding two citizenships, dual nationals are typically subjected to the laws and regulations of the country they are domiciled in (residing in), or where they predominantly live. This prevents potential legal conflicts or complications that may arise from being subjected to two sets of national laws.
  • Legal Rights and Obligations: While a dual national enjoys rights in both countries, they are generally bound by the obligations (like taxes or military service) in the country of their domicile. However, specifics can vary based on bilateral agreements between the countries.

c. Retaining Your Original Nationality

  • No Renunciation: One of the primary advantages of this pathway to Spanish citizenship is that eligible nationals don’t have to renounce their original nationality. This allows individuals to maintain cultural, familial, and economic ties to their home country while enjoying the benefits of Spanish citizenship.

d. Practical Implications

  • Cultural Benefits: Holding dual nationality allows individuals to immerse in both cultures fully. They can participate in national events, ceremonies, and cultural traditions in both countries.
  • Economic Advantages: Dual nationals have the privilege to work, invest, or start businesses in both countries. This can lead to expanded economic opportunities and potential growth.

Understanding dual nationality’s nuances is essential for those considering the fast-track Spanish citizenship route. It offers a plethora of opportunities, allowing individuals to weave the best of both worlds into their personal and professional lives.

If you are from one of the eligible countries and interested in obtaining the Spanish residency and citizenship, feel free to contact us here at Imperial Citizenship!

The Golden Visa Path to Spanish Citizenship

The “Golden Visa” program in Spain is an attractive option for non-EU nationals looking to invest and eventually gain citizenship. Here’s an elaboration on how this program works and its benefits:

  1. Gateway to Spain and the EU:
  •  The Golden Visa program serves as an entry point for non-EU investors to establish themselves in Spain.
  •  It allows individuals and their families to live in Spain, thus opening the door to the European Union.

2. Investments Route:

  • To qualify for the Golden Visa, non-EU nationals are required to make a real estate investment in Spain for a minimum of 500,000 or 1 million bank deposit.

3. Visa Duration and Citizenship Eligibility:

  • Upon meeting the investment criteria, investors are initially granted a Golden Visa, which is valid for a period of two years.
  • After the initial two-year period, residents from the previously mentioned nations are eligible to apply for Spanish citizenship by naturalization. Investors who are not from the eligible countries can renew their Golden Visa for an additional 5 years.

4. Benefits of the Spanish Golden Visa:

  • Visa-Free Travel: Access to all of the Schengen Area.
  • High-Quality Healthcare: Spain has some of the best healthcare Europe has to offer and this is available for residents of the country.

The Golden Visa program in Spain provides a clear pathway for non-EU investors to gain residency, eventually leading to the possibility of Spanish citizenship. This program not only offers a convenient way to live and invest in Spain but also serves as a gateway to the European Union, making it an appealing option for those seeking international mobility and investment opportunities.

Post-Golden Visa: Pursuit to Citizenship

After two years of continuous and legal residency in Spain, with the requirement of spending over 183 days annually in the country, eligible individuals can apply for Spanish citizenship. This path to citizenship offers several advantages:

1. Dual Nationality: One significant advantage is that there is no need to renounce your original nationality. Spain allows for dual nationality, particularly if there is a bilateral agreement between your home country and Spain. This means you can maintain your original citizenship while acquiring Spanish citizenship.

2. Privileges of Dual Citizenship: Holding dual citizenship can bring numerous benefits. As a dual citizen of both your home country and Spain, you can enjoy the privileges and rights granted to citizens of both nations. This includes the ability to work, live, and travel freely in both countries. You can also participate in local elections and access social services and benefits in both Spain and your home country.

3. Easier Integration: Acquiring Spanish citizenship can ease the process of integration into Spanish society. You can fully participate in the local culture, politics, and community activities, which can be particularly advantageous if you plan to make Spain your long-term or permanent residence.

4. Enhanced Mobility: Dual citizenship allows citizens to hold the passport of both countries simultaneously, meaning you can use either passport when travelling worldwide. With the Spanish passport you can travel to over 180+ countries visa-free including USA, Canada, all of Europe, Australia and many more popular destinations.

5. Security and Stability: Holding multiple citizenships can provide a sense of security and stability. It offers you flexibility and options in terms of where you live, work, and invest. In times of political or economic uncertainty, having dual citizenship can be a valuable asset.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements and conditions for acquiring Spanish citizenship may vary based on individual circumstances, including your home country’s agreement with Spain and any potential changes in immigration and nationality laws. Therefore, it’s advisable to consult with experts in this field, such as us here atlike ours to navigate the process successfully.

Essential Criteria for Acquiring Citizenship Through Naturalization

Certainly, let’s elaborate on the requirements for successfully obtaining Spanish nationality through the unique pathway, often facilitated by the Golden Visa program:

1. Demonstrate Proficiency in the Spanish Language: One of the fundamental requirements is to showcase a reasonable level of proficiency in the Spanish language. This is important not only for practical communication within the Spanish community but also as a sign of genuine integration and commitment to the Spanish way of life. Proficiency is usually demonstrated through language exams or certifications, and it signifies an individual’s readiness to adapt to a Spanish-speaking environment.

2. Provide Evidence of Good Behavior: Applicants for Spanish nationality are expected to exhibit good behavior. This means they should have a clean legal record and not be involved in any criminal activities. Authorities assess an applicant’s past behavior to ensure that they will contribute positively to Spanish society and adhere to its laws and values. This requirement reflects Spain’s interest in granting citizenship to individuals who respect the country’s legal and ethical standards.

3. Prove a Significant Degree of Integration into Spanish Society: Integration is a key aspect of the process. Applicants are encouraged to showcase their integration into Spanish society, not just on a legal or administrative level but also on a cultural and social one. This may include activities such as participating in local events, being a part of community organizations, and embracing Spanish traditions. Demonstrating a strong connection to Spanish society reinforces the idea that the applicant will become a valuable, active member of the community.


In this comprehensive overview, we have examined the various requisites and advantages linked to obtaining Spanish citizenship through its specific pathways, often including the Golden Visa Program. By actively meeting the program’s prerequisites and navigating the application process effectively, prospective citizens and their families can unlock the enduring benefits of Spanish nationality. These encompass a rich cultural and historical backdrop, a vibrant and integrated society, and the potential for new opportunities in the heart of Europe.

With its unique blend of cultural heritage, historical significance, and a welcoming society, Spain offers an enticing prospect for individuals looking to become citizens in a country with deep historical and cultural ties. By understanding the nuances of the citizenship requirements and the potential benefits, you can make an informed decision that not only enhances your lifestyle but also opens doors to a wide array of opportunities in this European nation.

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