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Published: 22 May 2024

The North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment (CBI) program offers foreign investors the opportunity to obtain citizenship in a strategically located Southeast European country that is a candidate for European Union membership. The program, which officially started in 2016, has specific investment requirements and benefits, although it has faced some implementation challenges.

Key Takeaways

  • Citizenship by Investment programs offer a range of investment options, including real estate, government bonds, donations to national funds, and business investments. Each country has its unique criteria and minimum investment requirements, with options designed to stimulate economic growth and development
  • Obtaining citizenship through investment not only provides investors with potential financial returns but also offers significant non-financial benefits.
  • The process of obtaining citizenship through investment involves thorough background checks, including financial audits and security screenings, to ensure the integrity of applicants.
  • Countries like North Macedonia leverage their strategic geographic location to offer additional advantages to investors, such as access to European markets and major transportation routes.

What is Citizenship by Investment Program?

Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programs allow wealthy individuals to obtain citizenship in a foreign country by making a significant financial investment in that country’s economy. These programs are designed to attract foreign capital and business people by providing them with the opportunity to legally acquire a new nationality and an alternative passport quickly and simply, without the need for lengthy residency requirements.

The core concept of CBI programs is straightforward: individuals from other countries invest in real estate, government bonds, banks, or local businesses in exchange for citizenship. This investment can take various forms, including:

  • Real Estate Investment: Purchasing residential or commercial property in the host country. This is a popular option as it provides a tangible asset that generally retains its value.
  • Government Bonds: Investing in government bonds, which are typically low-risk and guaranteed by the government.
  • Business Investment: Investing in or starting a business that creates jobs and contributes to the local economy.
  • Bank Deposits: Making a significant deposit in a local bank for a specified period.
  • Non-Refundable Donations: Contributing to a government-approved fund, such as a national development or economic diversification fund.

North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment Program 2022: A Gateway to Europe

North Macedonia’s Citizenship by Investment Program, introduced in 2022, is designed as a transformative initiative for the nation and prospective global investors. This program serves as an efficient conduit for acquiring citizenship, offering a plethora of benefits tailored to high-net-worth individuals looking to expand their global footprint and business endeavors.

Strategic Advantages of North Macedonia’s Citizenship

The program grants immediate citizenship to investors, encapsulating a host of lucrative benefits:

  • North Macedonia Passport: Holders enjoy the prestige of a European passport, which includes the ability to travel with fewer restrictions across the globe.
  • Unrestricted Travel Opportunities: The passport allows visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to numerous countries, enhancing global mobility for personal and professional travel.
  • Exclusive Business and Investment Opportunities: Citizenship opens the door to business opportunities only available to the country’s nationals, including preferential treatment and access to government contracts.

Economic Impacts and Opportunities

North Macedonia’s Citizenship by Investment Program is not merely a pathway to citizenship; it’s a strategic economic lever designed to enhance the nation’s economic landscape by:

  • Capital Generation: By attracting foreign direct investment, the program helps to increase the national capital reserves.
  • Economic Development: The infusion of investment capital stimulates development projects, enhancing infrastructure and creating jobs.
  • Boosting the Local Economy: Investments are often channeled into critical sectors such as real estate, technology, and manufacturing, which bolster the overall economic health of the country.

Geopolitical Significance

Located in Southeastern Europe, North Macedonia occupies a pivotal geographic position. This strategic location offers:

  • Major Transportation Hub: Situated as a central route across Europe, the country is integral to trade and logistics, providing significant advantages for businesses involved in transportation and distribution.
  • Gateway to European Markets: Investors gain a foothold in the European market, facilitating easier access to trade and commerce within the EU and neighboring regions.

Program Details and Investment Criteria

The North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment Program is tailored for affluent and skilled foreign individuals who can contribute meaningfully to the country’s economy through substantial investments. Key aspects of the program include:

  • Investment Thresholds: The government stipulates a minimum investment amount, which qualifies an applicant for consideration under this program. These investments typically target high-growth potential sectors.
  • Fast-track Citizenship: One of the program’s standout features is its efficiency—citizenship can be obtained within as little as few months, making it one of the fastest routes to European citizenship.
  • Government Oversight: The program is managed directly by governmental bodies, ensuring transparency and adherence to international standards in the processing of citizenship applications.

As of 2022, the North Macedonian government is actively setting up the Citizenship by Investment Program. This preparatory phase involves establishing clear guidelines, investment criteria, and legal frameworks to ensure the program’s success and sustainability. Future applicants can expect a streamlined and robust system designed to handle their investment and citizenship processing with the highest standards of efficiency and integrity.

Why Invest in North Macedonia? Key Benefits of the Citizenship by Investment Program

The North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment Program offers a wealth of advantages for individuals seeking an alternative citizenship route. This program not only facilitates a rapid acquisition of North Macedonian citizenship but also provides access to a series of strategic benefits that enhance personal, professional, and familial prospects. Here’s an in-depth look at the key benefits provided by this compelling program.

  • Global Mobility and Visa-Free Access: One of the most significant benefits of holding a North Macedonian passport is the extensive visa-free or visa-on-arrival access it offers to over 120 destinations worldwide. This feature opens up unparalleled travel opportunities for business, leisure, and education, allowing investors and their families to explore, conduct business, or study abroad with fewer travel constraints.
  • Inclusive Family Citizenship: The program is designed with family inclusivity in mind. Not only can individuals aged 18 and older directly apply for citizenship, but dependent children under 18 are also eligible to acquire citizenship by descent once one or both of their parents are granted North Macedonian citizenship. This provision ensures that the benefits of the investment can be passed down, securing the advantages of North Macedonian citizenship for future generations.
  • Strategic Economic Position: North Macedonia’s strategic location offers direct access to key trade markets in Europe. The country’s position as a central European hub makes it an ideal place for business operations, particularly for enterprises focused on logistics and trade. This strategic economic positioning is bolstered by the country’s recent acquisition of NATO membership and its status as an EU candidate, which are likely to enhance its economic stability and market access further.
  • Favorable Socio-Economic Environment: As a European upper-middle-income country, North Macedonia boasts a welcoming and hospitable culture, which is a significant draw for individuals and families considering relocation. The country’s favorable tax environment adds to its appeal, providing tax efficiencies that are advantageous for personal wealth management and business operations.
  • Ease of Access and No Minimum Residency: The program stands out for its lack of a minimum residency requirement or language proficiency tests, making it accessible and straightforward for investors worldwide. This aspect is particularly beneficial for those who do not wish to relocate permanently but still want to enjoy the benefits of citizenship, including the legal rights to live, work, and study in the country.
  • Skilled Workforce and Business-Friendly Systems: Investors gain access to a highly qualified workforce, which is an invaluable resource for any business venture. Additionally, North Macedonia offers a fast company registration system, which simplifies the process of setting up and operating a business. This efficient bureaucratic environment supports quicker start-up times and reduced administrative hurdles, enhancing the overall investment climate.

The North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment Program is an attractive option for those looking to expand their global access and enjoy the benefits of a European citizenship without the typical prerequisites of residency or language proficiency. With its strategic economic advantages, inclusive family citizenship options, and a straightforward application process, the program provides a practical route to gaining a valuable second passport.

This program not only facilitates business expansions and personal mobility but also offers a stable socio-economic environment for families looking for a high quality of life in Europe. Whether for immediate travel benefits or long-term strategic advantages, North Macedonia’s citizenship program is tailored to meet the diverse needs of global citizens today.

Eligibility Criteria for North Macedonia’s Citizenship by Investment Program

The North Macedonian Citizenship by Investment Program offers a unique opportunity for foreign nationals to acquire citizenship through investment. This program is structured around two main investment options, each designed to bolster economic growth while providing investors with the benefits of North Macedonian citizenship. Below, we delve into the specifics of these investment options and outline the essential documentation required to qualify.

The program presents two distinct paths for potential investors, each catering to different investment capacities and business interests:

Option 1: Investment in Private Funds

  • Investment Amount: EUR 200,000 per adult applicant.
  • Investment Nature: The investment must be made into a private investment fund that is established and operates in compliance with the laws of the Republic of North Macedonia.
  • Duration: The investment must be maintained for a minimum of two years.
  • Purpose: This option is intended to channel funds into diversified sectors through private equity or venture capital funds, thus driving broader economic growth across various industries.

Option 2: Direct Investment in New Facilities

  • Investment Amount: EUR 400,000 per adult applicant.
  • Investment Nature: This involves a direct investment in new business facilities. The key stipulation is that these facilities should not be in the hospitality sector specifically for restaurants or retail shopping.
  • Employment Creation: The investment must lead to the creation of at least ten permanent jobs for local residents.
  • Duration: The newly created jobs must be sustained for at least one year following the investment.

Documentation Requirements

To ensure transparency and legality of the investment and the applicants, the North Macedonian government requires several key documents during the application process:

  • Police Certificates of Clearance: These are essential to demonstrate the applicant’s good legal standing and lack of a criminal record in any country of residence. This document is critical to ensuring that the individuals entering the citizenship program are of sound character and pose no security risk.
  • Detailed Curriculum Vitae (CV): Applicants must provide a comprehensive CV that outlines their professional history, qualifications, and any other relevant experiences. This helps in assessing the economic and professional contributions the applicant might bring to North Macedonia.
  • Proof of Financial Standing: To confirm the financial capability to make the required investment, applicants must furnish robust evidence of their financial resources. This may include bank statements, asset declarations, and other financial documents that verify the origin and availability of the funds to be invested.

The North Macedonian Citizenship by Investment Program is designed not only to attract foreign capital but also to ensure that this capital is invested in ways that generate substantial economic benefits for the country. By requiring significant investment in private funds or direct business ventures, the program aims to stimulate economic development and job creation. The stringent documentation requirements reinforce the program’s integrity, ensuring that all applicants are thoroughly vetted and financially capable of fulfilling their investment commitments. For investors, this program not only offers a pathway to citizenship but also an opportunity to contribute to and benefit from North Macedonia’s economic landscape.

How to Apply: North Macedonia Citizenship by Investment Procedures and Timeline

Applying for North Macedonian citizenship through investment is a structured process that involves several critical steps.

Initial Consultation and Due Diligence

  1. Contact a professional Firm: The first step involves contacting a recognized firm like Imperial Citizenship, which specializes in citizenship by investment programs. They provide expert guidance tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of each client.
  2. Initial Due Diligence Checks: Before proceeding, the agency conducts preliminary due diligence to ensure the client meets the basic eligibility criteria for the North Macedonian Citizenship by Investment Program. This step is crucial to identify any potential issues that could affect the application.

Preparing and Submitting the Application

  • Collection of Required Documents: The applicant must gather all necessary documents, which include but are not limited to:
    • Birth and marriage certificates to prove personal details and family status.
    • A signed prospectus and share redemption documents from a government-approved investment fund.
    • Additional supporting documents such as proof of clean criminal record, detailed CV, and proof of financial standing.
  • Submission of Application: With the assistance of Imperial Citizenship, the complete application along with all required documents and the appropriate application fees are submitted to the relevant North Macedonian authorities. This step marks the formal request for citizenship based on investment.

Approval and Finalization

  • Government Review and Approval: The application is thoroughly reviewed by the Fund for Innovations and Technology Development of the Republic of North Macedonia. This body closely monitors and verifies the details of the investment, the authenticity of the documents, and the eligibility of the applicant.
  • Receipt of Citizenship: Upon successful review and approval of the application, the applicant is granted full citizenship. This typically includes the issuance of a North Macedonian passport, making the investor a full-fledged citizen of North Macedonia.


The entire process from the initial contact to the receipt of citizenship can vary based on several factors, including the completeness and accuracy of the submitted documents, the current workload of the North Macedonian authorities, and the specifics of the investment.


Applying for North Macedonian citizenship through investment involves a comprehensive process that requires meticulous preparation and adherence to procedural requirements. Prospective investors are advised to work closely with experienced firms like Imperial Citizenship to ensure that all aspects of the application are handled professionally. This not only streamlines the process but also significantly enhances the likelihood of a successful application. By following these detailed steps and preparing thoroughly, investors can look forward to becoming new citizens of North Macedonia, enjoying all the benefits that come with it.

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