Strengthening Caribbean Citizenship by Investment Programs

In a significant step towards enhancing the Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programs in the Caribbean, the Prime Ministers of Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, and Saint Kitts & Nevis recently came together to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). This collaborative effort aims to integrate key aspects of their respective citizenship programs, marking a fundamental moment in the region’s economic development. 

Caribbean CBI Programs

Enhancements in Collaboration 

The Memorandum of Understanding outlines several areas where the four programs pledge to enhance their collaboration, with particular emphasis on: 

  • Harmonized Pricing: The four countries have agreed to harmonize the minimum investment thresholds for their respective CBI programs to an investment sum of US $200,000 by June 30th this year. Any future changes to this minimum must be unanimously adopted across the group. 
  • Information Sharing and Transparency Standards: The signatory countries commit to sharing information on applicants with each other through the establishment of a digital portal with the Joint Regional Communications Centre (JRCC) in Barbados. Additionally, program transparency will be enhanced by disclosing details around program revenues and disbursements. 
  • Regulation: A common regional competent authority will be established to set standards in accordance with international requirements and best practices to regulate the programs by June 30th, 2024. 
  • Security Screening: The signatories agree to cooperate on post-approval screening of CBI citizens and on the retrieval of canceled passports, further ensuring the security of the programs. 
  • Regulation of Agents; Marketing and Promotion of Programs: Common standards for agent regulation and marketing will be implemented, prohibiting practices such as the use of “visa-free access” and photos of passports in advertisements. 

Leadership Perspectives 

Prime Minister Dickon Mitchell of Grenada, addressing the media and stakeholders, highlighted the difficult yet fruitful nature of the discussions that preceded the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). Mitchell’s remarks shed light on the comprehensive and collaborative efforts invested by all involved parties, emphasizing the importance of dialogue and cooperation in shaping the future of the Caribbean’s citizenship by investment programs. His acknowledgment of the rigorous negotiation process reflects a commitment to transparency and inclusivity, key principles that underpin the region’s aspirations for sustainable economic growth. 

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Terrance Drew of Saint Kitts & Nevis echoed Mitchell’s sentiments by highlighting the pressing need to address the issue of underselling within the CBI industry. Drew’s emphasis on ending underselling signifies a collective determination among Caribbean nations to uphold the integrity and credibility of their citizenship programs. By tackling this challenge head-on, Drew affirms his country’s commitment to fostering a fair and competitive environment that prioritizes the interests of both investors and the broader community. In aligning their goals and strategies, Mitchell and Drew exemplify a shared vision for a strengthened and more resilient CBI landscape in the Caribbean region. 

Saint Lucia’s Absence 

The absence of Prime Minister Philip J Pierre of Saint Lucia from the signatories’ list prompts questions about the inclusiveness of collaborative efforts among Caribbean jurisdictions. While Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, and Saint Kitts & Nevis advance in their integration efforts, Saint Lucia’s decision not to participate raises curiosity about its stance on regional cooperation. Observers speculate that Saint Lucia’s decision may be influenced by various factors, including its unique considerations and priorities in managing its citizenship program. This divergence from the collaborative effort prompts a broader discussion about the different approaches taken by Caribbean nations in fostering economic growth and managing their citizenship programs. 

Saint Lucia’s decision emphasizes the importance of respecting the sovereignty and decision-making processes of each country while encouraging open dialogue and cooperation among regional partners. Moving forward, the remaining signatories should continue their integration efforts with a commitment to transparency, accountability, and mutual understanding, recognizing the diversity of perspectives within the Caribbean CBI landscape. 

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The collaborative efforts of Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, and Saint Kitts & Nevis represent a significant step towards strengthening Caribbean CBI programs. By aligning on pricing, regulation, transparency, and security measures, these nations are poised to enhance the integrity and attractiveness of their citizenship offerings. As the region continues to navigate economic challenges, this unified approach highlights a commitment to sustainable growth and prosperity. 

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